In the 20th century most members the British Empire saw massive political reforms. Most moved towards more democracy, more independence, less rule by Royal or Elite decree.
Most but not Canada.
Canada still operates using British principles of colonisation and imperialism common in the 1800’s. The lack of democracy in Canada is easily seen in the Canadian Federal Government.
Canada has three branches of government, two appointed assemblies and one with elected members. The appointed assemblies (Senate and Court) hold an effective veto over the House with elected members.
Any bill coming from the elected House faces a veto from the appointed Senate. Canadians saw this veto in action when the Elected House tried to legalise cannabis. The Senate did not pass the bill until changes were made that met their approval. That delay is veto in action.
The Canadian Senate, by design, is meant to prevent democracy.
Canada’s Elite would not have been supportive of Confederation if democracy had any more than an advisory role in how the Confederation would actually be operated. John A explained it by saying the Senate was a sober second thought, suggesting that citizens are drunken fools (beer and popcorn) and Canada’s elite knows best.
Even the Elected House fears democracy. Instead of having elected members representing constituents, they represent their political party.
Canada’s House of Commons is controlled by party rule. Members are required to vote as told by the party even when doing so is directly and obviously against the interests and stated wishes of the vast majority of their constituents.
Western Canada is further isolated from influence by the many laws, rules and policies (written and unwritten) that ensure the appointed positions of power are not available to Western Canadians.
The most obvious of these rules are those requiring bilingualism, the ability to speak, write, and understand French culture and practices.
French is one of the least used languages in Western Canada. Many other languages are far more common than French. Less than 2% of Alberta's population is French and most of them have come from Canada after Confederation.
French requirements are by design meant to prevent Western Canada from having any impact on the laws, rules and policies they have to live under.
The reason Canada fears democracy in Western Canada can be found in history.
Most of what is seen on the map of Canada was taken by, and colonised by, force of arms.
The new Confederation, Canada, had a mandate to defend against military advances by the USA. That required taking military control of all the lands West to the Pacific to avoid being surrounded by an expanding and aggressive USA.
The People in those lands north and west of Canada resisted.
Canada responded not with democracy and open votes but guns and short ropes for long falls.
The ongoing imperialistic and colonial relationship Canada has with most of it's provinces would be quaint, maybe even acceptable, if the costs were not so great.
Canada gets it's wealth not from Quebec and Ontario, but from Western Canadian provinces. Without the ongoing and huge wealth transfer from Western Canada Confederation would not, could not exist as it does.
In the last few decades Alberta alone has transferred a sovereign wealth fund worth more than half a trillion dollars to Canada. Wealth Canada has squandered and wasted.
Canada's demand for ever larger transfers is now accompanied with demands that Western Canadian economies be shackled even shut down.
Canada is demanding that Western Canadians shut down large sections of their economy while still transferring tens of billions of dollars per year. Dollars that could be used to alleviate the suffering or drive a new economy is instead being taken by Canada when the West needs it the most.
Considering Canada's violent history in Western Canada, excessive taxation, and ongoing hostility is there any wonder as to why Canada is so fearful of democracy?